Ethylene glycol is a chemical compound in liquid form that they use in making antifreeze. This, mixed with water at a 50/50 percent or a 70/30 percent, makes antifreeze. The way that antifreeze works is by lowering the freezing temperature of water in the engine and increasing the boiling point. While this is a highly poisonous compound for humans to ingest, it is perfectly safe and well suited to vehicles. Not only will the antifreeze control temperature, it also lubricates the various parts of the engine through which it flows. These would be the radiator, heater core, thermostat and the water pump. Not only is ethylene glycol used in antifreeze, it is also used in windshield washer fluid mainly as a de-icing agent with a property of approximately 14 percent. Any more than that and the fluid would become unusable due to the viscosity of ethylene glycol.
Air Conditioning also Uses Antifreeze
Another usage for antifreeze can be found in the air conditioning service. This is mainly for chiller systems, refrigeration systems, and other industrial machines that provide cooling or thermal control. The way antifreeze works in these models is quite similar to how it works in vehicle engines. By providing a solution to prevent the lines from freezing because of the chillers. Without the use of antifreeze, lines would freeze and prevent liquid’s ability to flow throughout its system. This is why it can be important to check for leaks, which would leave vehicles free of its anti freezing abilities.
The types of Coolants
There are many types of coolants that vehicles use to function correctly. The primary coolant in vehicles is antifreeze and this is what keeps your vehicle from overheating. How this works is the coolant is stored in the radiator and as the engine is turned over, it flows through the block and pulls the heat with it. The coolant then returns to the radiator where fans constantly force air to flow over the radiator coils thereby removing the heat. The coolant then cycles back through the system. This is a continual and constant process. Without the coolant circulating through the engine, the engine would soon overheat and stop working. What happens in this case is the engine block can become warped from the excessive heat. The only way to remedy this is to replace the engine block and associated components.
Keep the Vehicle in Good Condition
An often-overlooked cause for the breakdown of vehicle engine performance and continued efficiency is performing fluid checks. When oil is not changed frequently, it will cause dirt buildup in the engine. What happens then is the dirt breaks the oil lubrication qualities down and begins to burn. Burned oil increases the friction of the moving parts of the engine and gapping occurs. This reduces the total output of the engine and causes a failure. When antifreeze begins to breakdown scaling and corrosion occur that shortens the life of the radiator and cooling system in the vehicle. When this occurs, a flush and refill is necessary.